Wu Shanzhuan is one of the most influential artists in the avant-garde movement. He rose to prominence in the 1980s as a long-haired conceptual artist known for his experimental works with language and the use of big character posters, a kind of precursor to the better known works of Gu Wenda and Xu Bing, which also toyed with language and meaning. Wu was part of the red humor group, engaged in performance art, created installations, appeared at the famed no uturn exhibition in 1989, he created a “Big Business” performance that involved selling shrimp; and Iater left for Europe, where he spent more than a decade in Germany and lceland before returning to China in 2005. His works are filled with satire, language tricks, symbols and radical games. He often posed nude in his art works, for a while with his former wife, lnga Thorsdottir. His work is filled with absurd imagery and fantastical language.